Hazuri Bagh: The Awe-Inspiring Park of Pakistan

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Hazuri Bagh: The Awe-Inspiring Park of Pakistan

Hazuri Bagh is a beautiful garden in the city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, bounded by the Lahore Fort (east side), Badshahi Mosque (west side), the Samadhi of Ranjit Singh (north side) and the Roshnai Gate (south side). In the center stands the Hazuri Bagh Baradari, constructed by Ranjit Singh.

The Hazuri Bagh is a small enclosure between the Alamgiri Gate of the Lahore Fort and eastern gate of the Badshahi Mosque. This garden was constructed by Maharajah Ranjit Singh in the year of 1813 to celebrate the capture of the famous Koh-i-Noor Diamond from Shah Shujah of Afghanistan. The Serai Alamgiri formerly stood here.

The garden was planned and developed under the supervision of Faqir Azizuddin in the traditional Mughal style layout. After its completion, it is claimed, Ranjit Singh, at the suggestion of Jamadar Khushhal Singh, ordered that marble vandalized from several mausoleums of Lahore to construct a baradari (pavilion) here. Ranjit Singh vandalized other Mughal tombs and buildings to construct Sikh temples in Amritsar. This task of building baradari was provided to Khalifa Nooruddin. Elegant carved marble pillars support the baradari’s delicate cusped arches. The central area, where Ranjit Singh held court, has a mirrored ceiling. Both the garden and the baradari, genuinely a 45-foot, three-storey square with a basement approached by 15 steps, suffered extensive damage during the fratricidal Sikh wars and was merely reclaimed and laid out according to the original plan during the British period. On the day of 19 July 1932, the uppermost story collapsed and was never reconstructed.

Every Sunday afternoon, inhabitats gather in the gardens to hear reciters recite traditional Punjabi Qisse, like Heer Ranjha and Sassi Punnun, and other Punjabi Sufi poetry.

The mausoleum of Muhammad Iqbal lies across from the garden outside of the Badshahi Mosque.

 

 

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