KAHU JO DARO: THE ANCIENT BUDDHIST CITY OF SINDH, PAKISTAN

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KAHU JO DARO: THE ANCIENT BUDDHIST CITY OF SINDH, PAKISTAN

Kahu jo Daro is a historical Buddhist city situated near the city of Mirpur Khas, Sindh province. It is spread over 30 acres (120,000 square meters) and is over 2,000 years old. Excavations disclosed a Buddhist stupa from the site. Kahu jo Daro is decaying very fast and only 2-5 percent has been researched and excavated. Because of negligence of the government, not much is left to see for general tourists. Archeologists and scientific investigators, although, can still find interesting remains for their research.

A huge-scale terracotta relief of a Buddha sitting cross-legged in meditating position was recovered from the collapsed remains of a 5th-6th century stupa at Kahu-jo-daro, near Mirpur Khas. It came from a recess in one of the faces of the square basement section of the stupa and it is believed to be one of a series of depictions of Buddhas that adorned the walls of the basement. At the time this stupa was made, Buddhism was far more immensely practiced in India than it is today, the religion having all but disappeared in northern India around the 13th century.

Stupas

Stupas were the pious Buddhist structures, establishing from cairns made to cover relics of the Buddha but after that covering other sacred relics and objects and acting as a unique symbol of Buddhism. Early instances were probably simple hemispherical mounds of earth but over time they came to be encased in brick or stone and became more elaborate and often taller, the dome being mounted on a cylindrical drum, encircled by a processional pathway with railings. The drum was, in turn, in few places raised on a square base.

 

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