Layyah (Urdu ليّہ), also spelled as Leiah, is a very small city in the province of Punjab province in the state of Pakistan. The city is the proposed headquarter of Layyah District and Layyah Tehsil
Geography of Layyah
It deploys between 30–45 to 31–24 deg north latitudes and 70–44 to 71–50 deg east longitudes. The place contains a semi-rectangular block of sandy land between the place of Indus River and the Chenab River in the province of Sindh Sagar Doab. The entire area covered by the district is 6,291 km2 with a width from the side of east to west of 88 kilometers and a length from the side of north to south of 72 kilometers.
The town was discovered almost in the year of 1550 by Kamal Khan, a descendant of Ghazi Khan who laid the powerful foundation of Dera Ghazi Khan. Around the year of 1610, the town was taken from the Mirani Rulers by the Jaskani Balochs, who held it until the year of 1787. Abdun Nabi Sarai was elected as the Governor by Timur Shah Durrani, but 3 years later it was involved in the Governorship of Muhammad Khan Sadozai, who transferred his seat of Government to the area of Mankera. In the year of 1794, Humayun Shah, the opponent claimant to the throne of Kabul, was captured near the city of Layyah and brought into the town, where his eyes were put out by the proposed decision of Zaman Shah. Under the Sikh Government, the town once more became the major centre of administration for the neighboring tract, and after the British occupation in the year of 1849, was for a period the headquarters of a Civil Administrative Division. This administrative status of the Layyah city was short-lived and the British decreased it to the level of Tehsil headquarters, making it a part of Dera Ismail Khan. In the year of 1901, Layyah city was transferred to the new District of Mianwali. After that, it was made part of the Muzaffargarh District. In the year of 1982, Layyah Tehsil was updated to District headquarters comprising 3 Tehsils: Layyah, Karor and Chaubara. The municipality was created in the year of 1875.
There 60 persons were killed by sweet poisoning in the city of Layyah.
The population, in accordance to the 1998 census was two Million. Per capita income during the 10 years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 9,900, and expenses Rs. 10,100. In the time period of 1903-4, the income was Rs. 10,600 and the expenses were Rs. 10,600.
In accordance to the year of 2011 district census the Muslim population is by far the greatest religious group, constituting 98.7 percent of the population, followed by Christians, who are barely 1 percent of the population and are equally spread among the urban and rural area sites.
People of district speak a great variation of Punjabi dialects.
- Thalochi (Regional Desert Punjabi dialect)
- Majhi (Standard Punjabi spoken particularly spoken in newly cultivated and city places)
Other Languages involve:
- Urdu is mother tongue of some persons but being national language is spoken and understood by the sizeable population.
- Arabic is the proposed religious language and taught in schools and madrasas.
- English is the official language and taught in several schools.
On the average the literacy amount in the district is 39 percent which is low as comparison to the provincial and national literacy rates which are 46.6 percent and 44 percent, respectively. While a little more than half the population of ten years and above age is educate, less than one fourth of this section are girls.