Thal desert is situated in the Province of Punjab on the place of Sindsagar Doab. It is a huge area between the rivers of Jehlum and Indus south of the Pothohar Plateau. It covers an area of over 190 miles long from the north to south and 70 miles wide from east to west. It is similar to the Cholistan and the Thar deserts geographically. It is classified into 6 districts name as; Khushab, Mianwali, Layyah, Bahkkar, Jhang and Muzzafarabad. On the left bank of Jehlum river is where its part in Jhang survives.
Some of the primary towns of the desert are Mankera, Roda Thal, Mari Shah Sakhira, Mehmood Shaheed, Dullewalla, Shahi Shumali, Koat Aazam, Jiasel, Jandan Wala, Noor pur Thal, Jandan Wala, Rang pur, Hyderabad Thal, Shah Wala and Piplan. The regional people of Thal generally speak ‘Seraiki’ but Punjabi is also spoken frequently by some locals.
The primary activity in the sector is cattle rearing. There are few reclamation projects going on in some place offering canal water for irrigation from the connecting rivers, so some agriculture is also done in those places. There are various tribes in the desert name as; Tiwana, Sial, Chhina, Mammak, Bhachar, Baghoor, Rahdari, Jhammat, Cheenna (Jutt), Bhachar, Gahi, Aheer, Lashari, Waghra’s and Awans etc.
Just after the emergence of Pakistan the Thal Development Authority TDA established a town named Liaqatabad also called as ‘Piplan’. A Textile mill was also developed with a nice residential colony for accommodating the workers of the mill. A power plant also got installed for the town. Many plantations were done on the green belts which produced a distinctive scene in the desert. After that, the mill was purchased by the Kohinoor group and then it got closed for few reasons. Now there exists a residential town there with having a name of Kohinoor city.